Conwy is located in Wales, a country situated in the western part of the United Kingdom. During medieval times, the Welsh and the Anglo-Normans fought viciously over who had the right to this glorious land. Welsh and English castles alike abound in the countryside of Wales.
Coming into the town of Conwy, travelers are treated to an outstanding view of one of the English castles – Conwy castle. Imagination can allow tourists to view the castle as it would have been in the middle ages – white lime washed walls towering high above the town itself, with the blue river and green hills providing stark contrasts.
Conwy Castle was built immediately following the capture of Dolwyddelan and the defeat of the Welsh. Part of Edward I’s ring of magnificent fortifications that were designed to strike terror into the heart of the Welsh, Conwy was meant to be both a residence and a fortress. Construction of the castle began in 1283, under the direction of James of St. George, and most of the work was
finished within four years. The castle was completed during the same time as the town walls.
Although plans seem to have been in the works for Conwy to become a shire town, this distinction went to Caernarfon. According to the Conwy Castle visitor guide, Conwy, despite the fact that it did not receive this honor, did become the largest of the north Wales boroughs.
The building was not always easy, however. Aberconwy Abbey, a Cistercian abbey, was a casualty of the town and castle building. Unfortunately for the Cistercian’s, the abbey was uprooted and moved to Maenan. The abbey church was kept and became the parish church for the town.
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